Date: 27 APRIL 2017
Mexico City can be considered as the Indian Capital of America, just by the number of people who self-ascribed in this group, 784,000, ie 8.8 percent of the total population. Plus 55 indigenous languages, with more than 129 thousand speakers are spoken.
This was emphasized by the Chief Minister, Miguel Angel Mancera Espinosa, being invited by the United Nations (UN) to present the Constitution of the City of Mexico, 10 years after the Declaration of the United Nations have enacted on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Havana’s president defended before this body the local Constitution. “We are facing a challenge, but also to an opportunity. At present in our country are obligated to close ranks, to strengthen our sense of identity as a nation, as a community around indigenous peoples, indigenous peoples, which is precisely where our roots. ”
The UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz said that the Constitution of the CDMX should “be replicated in other parts of the world and in Mexico as a country”.
By making a text recognition, Tauli-Corpuz said that progress with the Constitution “should not be underestimated”.
He called to set priorities and work together in an inclusive manner “to ensure the effective implementation of the constitutional text”. He reiterated that the effort in Mexico City “is something we want to see in other parts of the world.”
The Head of Government announced that a survey on discrimination was held in 2013. The most alarming result was discrimination suffered by this population.
“In view of this, the Constitution represents an opportunity to advance the new relationship between the government and indigenous peoples of the CDMX (…) After carrying out analysis, forums and seminars we realized that the Declaration by United Nations on rights of indigenous Peoples represents the most advanced instrument and responds to the main demands of the indigenous population so it was included with integrity, “he said.
The Head of Government explained that this document has been challenged and faces unconstitutional actions, but “we are certain that in this process the Constitution will emerge stronger because we will argue that no rights are subtracted to city dwellers, much less be removed rights to indigenous communities, towns and neighborhoods originating “.
The promulgation of the Constitution is just the beginning of a process whose next challenge is the implementation plan.
Havana’s president said that during the coming months to build secondary legislation; strengthen institutions; define an adequate budget; redesign programs and actions with clear, simple rules of operation; with a gender perspective; Transparency and accountability.
“In addition, professionalize our public servants to give better care, with conviction and respect for human rights of this population, and mystique of service. A whole city government will attend is clear that indigenous people is a priority for my government, “he said.
The Chief Minister is accompanied on this work tour by the General Coordinator of International Affairs of the City of Mexico, engineer Cuauhtemoc Cardenas Solorzano; by the Commissioner for Political Reform, Porfirio Muñoz Ledo; by Senator Alejandro Encinas; General coordinator cabinet CDMX, July Serna Chavez; by the Ministry of Rural Development and Equity for Communities capital, Icela Rosa Velázquez Rodríguez, and the director general of Public Service Location Telefónica LOCATEL, Karina Moreno Ocampo.
also he participated the member of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues United Nations, Tarcila Rivera Zea.